Impact of Yoga in School Education

Life of the modern human being has become very complex, confused and cumbersome. Every person has to confront with a large number of problems and difficulties. He/she has to work under strain and anxiety. Students of the school level in particular and of colleges in general face many problems. Our main concern is the student of the primary level to secondary level. it is found that syllabus of all level of school education is very wide and burdensome. It is not possible for them to cope with the situation. Sooner or later it results into the frustration, boredom and negligence of getting education in schools. Consequently it is the general opinion that school education has failed to achieve its objectives.
If we think over the past value based objective as the development of wholesome personality, virtues, talents, capabilities, etc. modern education has miserably failed. Even of it does not achieve the modern job-oriented objective of education, usually following reasons are responsible for this failure:
1. It fails to create interest among the students regarding the basic knowledge of various kinds of natural phenomenon like trees, flowers, bird etc. of their surrounding and neighborhood. Rather they learn them from costlier books published by profit- monger publishers.
2. Main stress is given to learn subjects like mathematics, and science through English without giving a due importance to mother language. If young students are imparted education through their mother tongue, they may feel it as convenient to learn them.
3. It is the general observation that the children of economically well to do families are mostly becoming fatty, dull and idle because of the adoption of injurious life style. Modern education is of little help in this regard.
4. On account of the lack of the sound health, students are not able to learn their respective course of studies efficiently. Unfortunately children of both the rich and the poor families lack sound health and as a result sound mind.
5. Inspite of the development & growth of human values like truthfulness, honesty, spirit of brotherhood, service to the society, love and affection, more stress is given to acquire worldly things as much as possible through their courses of studies. There is total commercialization of education, students give more preference for the study of those subjects which may cater their economic needs. But one should remember that man cannot live by bread alone. He has to get the peace of mind as well through the cultivation of healthy life-style.
Most of the problems of education revolve around the uneasiness, mental tension, hurrying, ego, and greediness in the life of the general human being in the modern society. Lifestyle of the individual creates problems for his/her ward. It becomes difficult for the ward to concentrate on his studies. Consequently he is not able to do justice to his work. Under this situation yoga becomes the panacea forming a bridge between his mind and the work at hand be it work or studies. There are various methods and processes that a Yogi applies foe achieving the union of the body and the soul and in order to strive for perfection. These are:
(a) yam, (b) niyam, (c) aasana, (d) pranayama, (e) pratyahar, (f) dharan, (g) dhyan, (h) samadhi.
Yam: there are five yams i.e. Ahimsha, Satya, Asteya, Brahmacharya and Aparigrah. They are related with the beauty of behaviours of people.
Niyam: There are also five niyams i.e. shauch,santosh, tap, Swadhyay & Iswar Pranidhy. They make individual life pure.
Aasana: Practice of sitting pleasantly without moving body are aasanas. They bring stability of body and a results in stability of mind.
Pranayam: Practice for long and stable breathing is pranayam. There is mutual relation between breathing (pran) and mind, if we able to control our pran, we can easily control our mind.
Pratyahar: To get rid of sensual relation from the external matters is Pratyahar.
Above five segments of yoga are known as external (Bahiranga) Yoga.
Following three segments are known as internal (Antaranga) yoga.
1. Dharna: To concentrate mind in the particular place or thing is called Dharna. They are many in number like idol, sun, moon, stars, flower, etc. The ultimate purpose of dharna is to concentrate mind into the supreme almighty.
2. Dhyan: The long concentration of mind on one matter is dhyan.
3. Samadhi: When the meditator forgets himself and concentrates only on the supreme it is called samadhi. It is the final stage of yoga.
Above processes or steps of yoga themselves show their importance in the human life.